At the end of July 2020, the pastoral situation improved slightly despite the security context continuing to exacerbate the difficulties encountered by pastoral populations. The restrictions on the movement of pastoralists in connection with the health crisis have made it difficult for transhumant herds to return to their countries of origin. This comes on top of the security crisis which was already affecting pastoral mobility, with in particular difficulties for transhumants to return to their original lands. The available data, even fragmented, indicate a still alarming situation in Nigeria and Niger. The month of July however saw a gradual installation of rains over most of the Sahelian zone. This start of the rainy season explains the relative overall improvement in the pastoral situation in the region.
The availability of forage biomass remains limited to very limited in some countries such as Niger, Chad and Nigeria. The deficits are exacerbated by pastoral pressures due to the concentration of livestock in certain accessible areas. It should be noted that no data has been provided for Liberia and Cabo Verde Data for Sierra Leone, Mauritania and Senegal are patchy and the information is not uniform for other countries. Fodder availability is reported in certain inaccessible areas due to insecurity (example: Nassoumbou, Forage Christine, etc.).
Cross-border transhumance remains severely disrupted
The lifting of movement restrictions does not apply to land borders at this time. This explains the high concentrations of animals in many border areas: southern Mauritanian, northern Côte d’Ivoire and southern Niger in particular.
In summary, we note that the early start of the rainy season resulted in a slight improvement in the situation, but it remains necessary to create the conditions for facilitating pastoral mobility both within countries and across borders. . This should promote access to pasture, but reduce the risk of tension between farmers and herders. These risks are already palpable in some regions.
Source: Agrhymet Regional Center (Monthly food and nutrition security watch bulletin_N ° 04)