Togo

HISTORY

For centuries, transhumant movements in Togo have been embedded in the ancestral traditions of certain ethnic groups (especially the Fulani and Tuareg ethnic groups). Sometimes, a Fulani man can decide to move from one place to another without any objective motivation for that. In so doing, he is guided either by habit or by his participation in customary cultural events during which Fulani peoples celebrate strength and bravery through, for instance, a ceremony in which young Fulani teenagers flog themselves.

On the feed front, the aim of transhumance is to provide the animals with a mineral supplement and help them build up mineral reserves to face the rigours of the next dry season. This is one reason why some Sahelian Fulanis go early on transhumance. As transhumant herdsmen, they have identified the different areas where the soils are rich in mineral salts.

Contrary to the Sahelian countries where this salt cure (cure salée) event generates important cultural activities, there is nothing similar in the Région des Savanes (Savannah Region).

In Togo, transhumance is an opportunity to sell products in commercial centres such as Cinkassé, Koundjoaré, Korbongou, or to stock up on cereals and other consumer goods. It is also a phenomenon that is gaining momentum and is cited as a determinant in pastoralism in the Région des Savanes.

While meeting food needs is the primary factor in transhumance, it is nevertheless true that several other causes are involved in the determinism of the movements of pastoral peoples.

 CURRENT SITUATION

Sometimes, transhumance causes a concentration of animals in the same area. This leads to overgrazing, the consequences of which are the degradation of soils and rangelands, and then of the vegetation cover. This deterioration phenomenon results from trampling and the uprooting of young shoots by the animals.

The use of aerial grazing characterised by the pruning of trees and shrubs to feed livestock contributes to the degradation of the woody plant cover. Livestock mobility undeniably leads to the mobility of part of the human population. Yet, mobility also means precarious habitat: tents and other makeshift dwellings, built with skin and branches.

KEY PREDIP ACTIVITIES IN TOGO

 Status of planned infrastructures and facilities

Types of infrastructures Indicators Quantity Location
Component 3-Infrastructures
1 Securing the tracks Track length 150 km In the process of identification. Regions: Savanes/ Kara/Central/ Plateaux
2 Development of resting/grazing areas Number of resting/grazing areas 3 * Kondjouaré (Kpendjal) *Namon * In the process of identification
3 Creation of water points Number of water points (ponds, boreholes, wells, dams,…) 4 * Tchnafieri (Mango) * Kpessidé
* Koundjouaré (Kpendjal) * Agbassa
4 Construction of livestock markets Number of livestock markets 1 * Plateaux Region / Municipality of Anié
5 Construction of loading docks Number of loading docks 1 * Niamtougou

 

Status of projected soft activities

Types of activities Indicators Quantity
Component 3-Infrastructures
1 Organisation of debates Number of debates 4
2 Map production Number of maps produced 3
3 Setting up inter-community groups Number of inter-community groups set up 1
4 Infrastructure and facility Management Committee training Number of Management Committee trainings 6
5 Organisation of technical and budgetary review workshops Technical and budgetary review workshops of local communities 6
6 Wide dissemination of the technical and budgetary review workshop results Number of Radio announcements 6
Component 2-Dialogue
7 Setting up multi-stakeholder innovation platforms in host areas Number of innovation platforms set up 1
8 Organisation of cross-border consultation meetings to prevent and manage conflicts in areas lacking consultation frameworks Number of meetings involving RPOs at cross-border, national and regional levels 5
9 Organisation of annual high-level meetings on peaceful transhumance by the RPO consultation framework

 

Number of participants in cross-border meetings, framework/committee meetings and national committees and gender composition 120
10 Advocacy to ensure that transhumance and nutrition issues are taken into account in country strategies, investment plans and budget allocations, and in MDPs or municipal development plans. Number of municipal, regional or national plans integrating development proposals for peaceful transhumance (in connection with the achievements of Component 3) 1
11 Training and information of farmers and pastoralists on texts regulating transhumance. Number of leaders of farmers, pastoralists and transhumance stakeholders who received training on transhumance regulations 20
12 Development of a cross-border dialogue facilitation module, based on the analysis of gaps between law and practice. Number of facilitators trained in cross-border dialogue facilitation within the RPOs (10/RPO) 4
13 Experimentation of a legal assistance system Number of pastoralists and farmers who have received legal assistance (as needed) 10

 

Types of activities Indicators Quantity Location
Component 4
Materials
1 Provide materials and tools for data collection and analysis to contribute to the regional database. Computers, GPS

 

To be determined Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
2 Provide equipment, reagents, etc., to regional veterinary laboratories

 

Consumables for Laboratories, equipment

 

To be determined

 

Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
Soft activities
3 Support operational functioning of the national epidemiological surveillance networks in terms of data collection and analysis to feed the regional database.

 

 

Number of national epidemiological surveillance networks supported for the collection, analysis, and recording of data in the database Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
4  

Support national regulatory agencies in the implementation of veterinary drug regulations

 

Number of national workshops organised on the implementation of national veterinary drug regulations

 

Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
5 Organise national meetings to discuss the enforcement of regulations on veterinary drugs, vaccines and biologics.

 

 

Number of national meetings organised on the implementation of regulations on veterinary drugs, vaccines and biologics

 

 

Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
6 Recruitment of one technical focal point per country

 

Number of focal points recruited

 

8 (1 focal point per country) Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
7 Designation of an Administrative Focal Point

 

 

Number of Focal Points 8 (1 Focal Point per Country) Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
8 Support national focal points to collect vaccination data

 

Number of focal points supported for the centralization of vaccination data

 

Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo
9 Allocation of funds for the implementation of the strategy to control trypanosomiasis and tick-borne diseases in Member States

 

Number of countries having received support from PREDIP to implement their validated action plans Burkina, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Togo

TRANSHUMANCE REGULATIONS 

There is a lack of legislative and regulatory plans and texts to govern the functioning of the sector through agrarian and land reorganisation. Although some laws and other texts are in place, they often suffer from shortcomings in their implementation.

The commoditization of land in the region means that space for herds is being lost, forcing the region’s Fulanis to turn to more marginal land where fodder productivity (grasses) remains very poor. In addition, indigenous people are expropriating land that was once used as grazing land, leading to the reduction of pastoral areas.

Downloadable legal texts

OTHER PASTORALISM PROJECTS IN TOGO

  • Support Programme for Livestock Marketing in West Africa (Programme d’appui à la commercialisation du bétail en Afrique de l’Ouest)– Phase I (PACBAO), in progress
  • Regional Education/Training Programme for Pastoralist Populations in Cross-Border Areas (PREPP), in progress;
  • Regional Investment Programme for Livestock Development in Coastal West African Countries (PRIDEC).
  • Integrated and Secure Livestock and Pastoralism Project (PEPISAO).

TRANSHUMANCE FOCAL POINT

Mr PATO Pidemnéwé is the transhumance focal point for PREDIP and represents the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal and Fishery Production of Togo. He is the Transhumance Focal Point for the country, within this Ministry.